Midbrain Atrophy in Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and Multiple Sclerosis

By | diplopia, nystagmus, Parinaud's syndrome, Parkinson's, progressive supranuclear palsy | No Comments

The midbrain is penetrated by the cerebral aqueduct of Sylvius and surrounded by cisterns that contain CSF. Blockage of CSF flow may play a role in enlargement of the cerebal aqueduct and atrophy of the midbrain in Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis, as well as as signs of nystagmus and diplopia.

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Cervical Spondylosis and CSF Flow in the Cisterns

By | arachnoid cysts, chiari malformations, CSF, Dandy-Walker syndrome, empty sella syndrome, Parkinson's, spondylosis | No Comments

Degenerative changes in the cervical spine called spondylosis can cause tubulance, backjets and standing waves of CSF to form in the basal cisterns of the brain resulting in neurodegenerative processes and subsequent diseases such as Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis.

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