Exercise for fitness and health takes many different forms, and there are many differences between workout routines of the East and West. The biggest difference is by far the use of specialized, expensive equipment by the average person in the West.
In contrast to the West, martial arts put much less emphasis on equipment and bulk muscle development as in body building. Martial arts continues to use age old calesthenic workouts for muscle tone, stretch and cardiovascular conditioning.
Most physical activity is beneficial and compared to doing nothing is infinitely better for one’s health. But some, even those that are thousands of years old and recommended by sages for centuries, may be of questionable benefit. As an example there are certain postures in yoga that are contraindicated for certain people.